In 2000, the EEOICPA was signed into law in Executive Order 13179, which states:
Since World War II, hundreds of thousands of men and women have served their nation in building its nuclear defense. In the course of their work, they overcame previously unimagined scientific and technical challenges. Thousands of these courageous Americans, however, paid a high price for their service, developing disabling or fatal illnesses as a result of exposure to beryllium, ionizing radiation, and other hazards unique to nuclear weapons production and testing. Too often these workers were neither adequately protected from, nor informed of, the occupational hazards to which they were exposed… While the Nation can never fully repay these workers or their families, they deserve recognition.